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Epinephelus kupangensis Tucker, Kurniasih & Craig, 2016

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Epinephelus kupangensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335);  kupangensis: Name from Latin suffix '-ensis', denoting place or locality, is appended to the locality of Kupang, Indonesia, the center of the Timor Sea fishery that provided the first author with the holotype and several paratypes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 50 - 300 m (Ref. 111063).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia (Timor Sea), Timor-Leste, Philippines, Taiwan, and Fiji.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111063)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished from its Indo-Pacific congeners by having the following characters: lateral line scales 46-49 (vs. at least 51 in all species except E. areolatus, E. bilobatus, E. bleekeri, E. bontoides, E. chlorostigma, E. faveatus, E. howlandi, E. longispinis, E. macrospilos, E. maculatus, E. merra, E. miliaris, E. polyphekadion, E. quoyanus, E. timorensis, E. trimaculatus), round caudal fin (vs. emarginate to truncate caudal fin in E. areolatus, E. bleekeri, E. chlorostigma, E. geoffroyi, E. timorensis), no distinct spots over most of head and body (vs. numerous distinct spots - not dots - over most of head and body in E. bilobatus, E. bontoides, E. faveatus, E. howlandi, E. longispinis, E. macrospilos, E. maculatus, E. merra, E. miliaris, E. polyphekadion, E. quoyanus, E. trimaculatus) (Ref. 111063).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This fish is part of a large, deep-water drop line fishery, which focuses its efforts on banks and promontories of shelf habitat in depths of up to 350 m (Ref. 111063).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Tucker, S.J., E.M. Kurniasih and M.T. Craig, 2016. A new species of grouper (Epinephelus; Epinephelidae) from the Indo-Pacific. Copeia 104(3):658-662. (Ref. 111063)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00560 - 0.02353), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .