Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chilochromis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; - 8°S
Africa: Chiloango basin in Cabinda Province of Angola and Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kouilou-Niari and lower Loeme in Republic of Congo, and the Nyanga basin and upper Ngounie River (Ogooué system) in Gabon (Ref. 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 18;
soft rays: 5 - 9. Diagnosis: snout protuberant; mouth inferior, bearing numerous rows of extremely fine, comb-like, spatulate teeth on both oral jaws; upper lip broad and thick, with a distinctive lip crease (Ref. 81260).
Feeds primarily on aquatic vegetation (mostly algae) but also minor quantities of small insects; typical substratum spawner; aggressive species in captivity (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lamboj, A., 2004. The Cichlid Fishes of Western Africa. Birgit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany. 255 p. (Ref. 52307)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00700 - 0.03275), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.27 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .