Hippocampus japapigu, Japanese pygmy seahorse

Hippocampus japapigu Short, Smith, Motomura, Harasti & Hamilton, 2018

Japanese pygmy seahorse
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Hippocampus japapigu   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hippocampus japapigu (Japanese pygmy seahorse)
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drawing shows typical species in Syngnathidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335);  japapigu: Name from the colloquial Japanese name, Japapigu or Japan pig or 日本のピグミータツノオトシゴ..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 22 m (Ref. 118476), usually 10 - 13 m (Ref. 118476). Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwestern Pacific: Japan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118476)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 14. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: 28 tail rings; 14 dorsal fin rays; 9 pectoral fin rays; 4 subdorsal rings; bilaterally paired wing-like protrusions are formed by a pair of large truncate spines projecting laterad on first superior trunk ridge; elevated dorsal ridge is formed by unique triangular bony mounds dorsally on second, the third and fourth trunk rings with the posterior mound less pronounced; a large and prominent spine projecting laterad on eighth lateral trunk ridge (Ref. 118476).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species was not associated with a particular host. It has been observed in association with mixed soft coral, Halimeda sp. (coralline algae) and hydroids on rocky reef walls and large boulders in both exposed and semi-sheltered locations (Ref. 118476)..

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Short, G., R. Smith, H. Motomura, D. Harasti and H. Hamilton, 2018. Hippocampus japapigu, a new species of pygmy seahorse from Japan, with a redescription of H. pontohi (Teleostei, Syngnathidae). ZooKeys 779:27-49. (Ref. 118476)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

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Common names
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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).