Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: endemic to the lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 42510, 94750).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42510)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 33. Diagnosis: 2 pairs of well-developed barbels; barbels dullcolored, same hue as skin of head where they arise; length of posterior barbel consistently slightly less than diameter of eye, and length of anterior barbel about 1/3-1/2 that of posterior barbel; keratinous tubercles on head small, granular, white spots which project little or not at all above surface of head; adults dull blue dorsally and laterally, whitish ventrally; 37-39 scales in a lateral series to end of hypural plate, 20-24 (usually 24) around caudal peduncle; dorsal fin with 10-11 (usually 11) branched rays, its margin falcate (Ref. 42510).
Maximum standard length reported: 160.5mm (Ref. 26190).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lowenstein, J.H., T.W. Osmundson, S. Becker, R. Hanner and M.L.J. Stiassny, 2011. Incorporating DNA barcodes into a multi-year inventory of the fishes of the hyperdiverse Lower Congo River, with a multi-gene performance assessment of the genus Labeo as a case study. Mitochondrial DNA, 22(S1):52-70. (Ref. 94750)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00392 - 0.02026), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .