Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Nosferatu: Name refers to the pair of well-developed recurved fangs inthe upper jaw present in all species of the genus, reminiscent of those in Marnau’s vampire Nosferatu.; pame: The specific name refers to the Pame people, who call themselves xi úi (or their local variants) meaning indigenous. The xi´úi territory includes 5 municipalities in the state of San Luis Potosí: Ciudad del Maíz, Alaquines, Rayón, Santa Catarina, and Tamasopo where the species is endemic.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.8 - 8.3. Tropical
Central America: main stem and tributaries of the Rio Gallinas, including Rio Tamasopo, Ojo Frío, and Agua Buena, upriver from the Tamul cascade in Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94458)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 9. This species can be diagnosed by having the following characters: predorsal contour gradual and acute, not concave before eye; dorsal and ventral contours straight to moderately convex, sloping slowly; intersection with caudal peduncle inconspicuous; and mouth slightly angled downward; ground color khaki when alive; snout, head, and opercles heavily dotted with tiny speckles, extending posteriorly onto nuchal area and base of dorsal fin; eye diameter small (mean 23%, SD 1%), snout long (mean 39%, SD 2%); cheeks shallow (mean 29%, SD 2%) (all in HL); lower pharyngeal plate stout and much broader than long; horns short with lightly pigmented stout molars, 2 central rows of 6-7 molars flank the midline, posterior-most 3 big and stout; and peritoneum uniformly very dark (Ref. 94458).
Inhabits clear water over a rocky substrate with hardness above 100° dH and pH between 7.8 and 8.3. Sampled together with Herichthys tamasopoensis, H. steindachneri, Xiphophorus montezumae, and Gambusia panuco, among other species of fishes. Based on three specimens examined, stomach contents include detritus (5%), filamentous algae (20%), snails (70%), and unidentified materials (5%) (Ref. 94458).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
de la Maza-Benignos, M. and Ma. De L. Lozano-Villano, 2013. Description of three new species of the genus Herichthys (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from eastern Mexico, with redescription of H. labridens, H. steindachneri, and H. pantostictus. Zootaxa 3734(2):101-129. (Ref. 94458)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.00919 - 0.04539), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .