Liopropoma olneyi Baldwin & Johnson, 2014

Yellow-spotted golden bass
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Liopropoma olneyi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Liopropoma olneyi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Liopropomatinae
Etymology: Liopropoma: Greek, leio = smooth + Greek, pro = in front of + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335);  olneyi: Named for John E. Olney.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 123 - 220 m (Ref. 95863).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Caribbean: adults are known from images and specimens from Curaçao. Larvae are known from the Florida Straits and Gulf of Mexico.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95863)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 24. This liopropomin serranid is distinguished by the following set of adult and larval characters: D IX,11; A III, 8; pectoral fin 14-15; in adults - lateral-line scales 46-48, length of first dorsal spine 4.5% SL; margin of spinous dorsal fin shallowly indented posteriorly (fourth spine 9.7-12% SL, fifth spine only slightly shorter than fourth, 8.3-9.3% SL, and sixth-ninth spines approximately subequal, 5.5–8.9% SL); in larvae, second-eighth spines elongate, 57.1-150% SL; body of adults slender, depth at dorsal-fin origin 23% SL and the least caudal-peduncle depth is 13-15% SL. Predominant color of adults when alive is yellow; yellow covering dorsal portion of trunk, in stripe from tip of upper jaw to posterior edge of operculum and in narrower broken stripe from ventral edge of orbit to posterior edge of operculum, on dorsal and caudal fins, and in stripe on anal fin; top of head is dark rose/orange, ventral portions of head and trunk pale rose to white; dorsal and ventral portions of trunk with scattered yellow spots. When preserved in alcohol, the head and trunk uniformly pale, slightly paler on abdomen and throat. Larvae has a conspicuous pattern of orange chromatophores in life on head and trunk, orange pigment on elongate second dorsal-fin spine associated with swellings in sheath covering spine, several orange blotches on anal-fin rays, large blotch of orange pigment covering most of pelvic fin, and melanophores on spinous dorsal fin (Ref. 95863).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Collected from rocky slopes and ledges. When threatened, it retreats into small caves and crevices. Larva from Florida Straits was captured between 25 and 50 m (Ref. 95863).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Baldwin, C. and G.D. Johnson, 2014. Connectivity across the Caribbean Sea: DNA barcoding and morphology unite an enigmatic fish larva from the Florida Straits with a new species of sea bass from deep reefs off Curaçao. PLoS ONE 9(5):e97661. (Ref. 95863)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 10 September 2014

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.7 - 23.7, mean 21.4 (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .