Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: known only from the Gulf of Suez.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95469)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VIII + 9; pectoral-fin rays 13-14; gill rakers 5-6 + 16-17 = 22-23; lateral-line scales 29-30; in %SL: body depth at first dorsal-fin origin 23-26, body depth at anal-fin origin 19-22, caudal-peduncle depth 9.7-9.9, caudal-peduncle width 3.2-3.7, maximum head depth 19-20, head depth through eye 16-17, head length 29-31, postorbital length 11-12, orbit length 6.9-7.3, upper jaw length 10, barbel length 21-22, caudal-peduncle
length 21-23, caudal-fin length 29, pelvic-fin length 21, pectoral-fin length 21, pectoral-fin width 4.1-4.7, first dorsal-fin height 19, second dorsal-fin height 17; fins with brown or black stripes, bars or blotches; caudal fin with 8 oblique bars, upper caudal-fin lobe with 3-4 bars, lower lobe with 4-5 bars; first and second dorsal fin tips with dark-brown blotches; one brown mid-lateral body stripe from behind opercle to caudal base; ground colour of body and head beige, darker above lateral line, with irregular red, brown or black spots and blotches; barbels pale brown in fresh fish; preserved fish retain fin and body pigmentation (Ref. 95469).
Occurs at shallow depths (Ref. 95469).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F. and G. Gouws, 2014. A new goatfish species of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) based on molecular and morphological screening and subsequent taxonomic analysis. Mar. Biol. Res. 10(7):655-681. (Ref. 95469)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00445 - 0.01956), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .