Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae
Etymology: Deania: -ia (Gr.), belonging to: American ichthyologist Bashford Dean (1867-1928), American Museum of Natural History, for his research on selachian fishes. (See ETYFish); hystricosa: Latin for prickly or thorny, referring to its rough skin formed by large pitchfork-shaped denticles. (See ETYFish).
More on author: Garman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 600 - 1000 m. Deep-water; 39°N - 54°S, 128°E - 17°E (Ref. 54346)
Northeast Atlantic: Madeira. Northwest Pacific: Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247); 109.0 cm TL (female)
Found on the insular slopes. No record of food items. Ovoviviparous, size of litter not known but a female with 12 large eggs suggests moderate-sized litters.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 4.6 - 8.7, mean 6 °C (based on 37 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00142 - 0.00488), b=3.19 (3.02 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=12).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 10.3 [1.9, 33.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.242 [0.060, 0.645] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.6 [17.5, 22.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.325 [0.123, 0.994] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.1 [4.3, 42.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 25.9 [6.5, 97.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.291 [0.140, 0.617] mg/100g (wet weight);