Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335); vanuatu: The name vanuatu is used as a noun in apposition and is based on the type locality, which is currently the only known locality for this species (Ref. 93585).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 191 - 321 m (Ref. 93585). Tropical; 15°S - 16°S, 166°E - 167°E
Pacific Ocean: Vanuatu. Only known from off Espiritu Santo and Malo Islands, Vanuatu, South Pacific; depth range 191–321 m.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93585)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Dorsal fins VIII + 9; pectoral fins 14-16; gill rakers 7–8 + 19-20 = 27-28; measurements in % SL: body depth at first dorsal-fin origin 21-25; body depth at anus 17-19; caudal-peduncle depth 7.9-8.4; maximum head depth 18-23; head depth through eye 14-18; interorbital length 7.0-7.6; head length 29-32; orbit length 7.4-10; upper jaw length 11-13; barbel length 16-22; interdorsal distance 13-15; caudal-fin length 27-28; anal-fin height 14-17; pelvic-fin length 17-19; pectoral-fin length 21–24; first dorsal-fin height 19-20; second dorsal-fin height 15-17; total number of oblique caudal-fin bars 7, with 4 dark bars on upper caudal-fin lobe (including one bar close to rear end of lateral line) and 3 dark bars on lower caudal-fin lobe; bars differ in colour intensity and width; barbels white; no lateral body stripes; head and body pale rose, dorsally reddish and belly whitish; preserved fish pale brown, caudal-fin bars and black dorsal-fin tips retained (Ref. 93585).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F. and R. Causse, 2013. A new deep-water goatfish of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) from Vanuatu, South Pacific. Zootaxa 3666(3):337-344. (Ref. 93585)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00445 - 0.01956), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .