Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Lepophidium: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335); zophochir: Named for the blackish pectoral fin ('zophos' meaning darkness and 'cheier' for hand or the pectoral fin).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 192 - 348 m (Ref. 91765). Tropical; 13°N - 5°N, 75°W - 51°W (Ref. 91765)
Western Atlantic: coast of northern South America from the Guianas to Trinidad and along the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and northern Colombia (off Barranquilla).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91765)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 108 - 116;
Vertebrae: 74 - 77. This species possesses a pigmented gut and distinguished by the following characters: D 130-139; 74-77 total vertebrae; average body depth, 10.6% in SL; origin of dorsal fin, 11.4% in SL; origin of anal fin, 10.5% in SL; average long pelvic ray length, 8.8% in SL; pectoral fin length, 8.8% in SL; head and body with no pattern of spots, bars, or blotches (Ref. 91765).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.H. Robins and M.E. Brown, 2012. A revision of Lepophidium (Teleoastei, Ophidiidae), with descriptions of eight new species. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 52(1):1-94. (Ref. 91765)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10 - 15.7, mean 12.7 (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .