Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335); stenopsis: Name from the Greek word stenos, meaning 'narrow'; referring to the rather narrow (both in depth and width) caudal peduncle of the new species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 165 - 275 m (Ref. 92287). Tropical
Pacific Ocean: North to North-East Australia; Quezon, Philippines. The first record of a deep-water Upeneus goatfish for the Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92287)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9. This species is characterized by the following: Dorsal fins VIII + 9; pectoral fins 15-16; gill rakers 7-8+18-20 = 25-28; body depth at first dorsal-fin origin 22-25% SL; body depth at anus 18-21% SL; caudal-peduncle depth 7.4-7.8% SL; maximum head depth 22-23% SL; head depth through eye 18-19% SL; head length 33-34% SL; orbit length 9.2-9.9% SL; upper jaw length 14-15% SL; barbel length 21-22% SL; caudal-fin length 26-28% SL; anal-fin height 15-16% SL; pelvic-fin length 18-19% SL; pectoral-fin length 23-25% SL; first dorsal-fin height 20-23% SL; second dorsal-fin height 14-16% SL; total number of oblique caudal-fin bars 7-9, colour of bars changing from pale brown proximally to dark brown towards rear caudal-fin margin; dark bars on upper caudal-fin lobe 4-5 (including one bar close to rear end of lateral line), slightly increasing in width distally; lower caudal-fin lobe with 3-4 bars, of similar width as white interspaces between bars; first dorsal-fin tip black; caudal-fin bars and black dorsal-fin tip retained on preserved fish; barbels white; lateral body stripes absent; head and body silvery laterally and reddish dorsally, belly and ventral side of peduncle white; preserved fish dorsally or entirely pale brown or brown, with ventral part of body and head covered by white or silvery pigment (Ref. 92287).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F. and M. McGrouther, 2012. A new deep-water goatfish of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) from northern Australia and the Philippines, with a taxonomic account of U. subvittatus and remarks on U. mascareinsis. Zootaxa 3550:61-70. (Ref. 92287)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.2 - 21.4, mean 15.3 (based on 33 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00445 - 0.01956), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .