Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Cottoidei
(Sculpins) > Liparidae
Etymology: Paraliparis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, liparis = fat (Ref. 45335); orbitalis: the head (Ref. 90026). More on author: Stein.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1110 - 1210 m (Ref. 90026). Polar
Southern Ocean: known only from the type, collected at 1110–1210 m off Cape Adare, Ross Sea, Antarctica (Ref. 90026).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.5 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
V 65 (9+56). Lower jaw included. Teeth stout, simple canines forming wide bands anteriorly in both jaws, symphyseal gaps absent. Pectoral fin rays 22-24, caudal 9 (4/5), radials 4 (3+1), scapula and coracoid with well-developed helves. Snout-anus distance 20% (about equal to HL), anus-anal fin 18% SL; snout short ~20% head length, eye 33, orbit 38% HL. Black pigment on body visible under, above and below pale gill flap. (Ref. 90026).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., 2012. Snailfishes (Family Liparidae) of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, and Closely Adjacent Waters. Zootaxa 3285:1-120. (Ref. 90026)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .