Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Pseudopimelodidae
(Bumblebee catfishes, dwarf marbled catfishes)
Etymology: Microglanis: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335); xylographicus: The name xylographicus is derived from the Greek xylosgraphikos, of writing. It is a reference to the horizontally striated color pattern, like a tree bark. An adjective (Ref. 88956).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 15°S - 16°S, 52°W - 53°W
South America: Brazil. Known from tributaries of the rio das Mortes and small nearby direct tributaries of the rio Araguaia such as the córrego Jaraguá and rio das Garças, in States of Mato Grosso and Goiás, Brazil (Ref. 88956).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88956)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Microglanis xylographicus is easily distinguished from its congeners by two characters related to color pattern: (1) trunk brown with horizontal light stripes that in conjunction impart a tree-bark pattern, and (2) absence of any light marks (blotch or transversal band) crossing the occipital region. The new species can be further distinguished from its congeners, except Microglanis robustus, by the neuromasts surrounded by melanophores, forming three series of aligned small black points laterally on the trunk, four series in the head, one series on the lateral of nape, and one series posterior to the nape. It is distinguished from M. robustus by having a relatively long snout 11.4-12.9% SL (vs. 9.1-10.7% SL), and five pleural ribs (vs. 6 or 7) (Ref. 88956).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ruiz, W.B.G. and O.A. Shibatta, 2011. Two new species of Microglanis (Siluriformes: Pseudopimelodidae) from the upper-middle rio Araguaia basin, Central Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(4):697-707. (Ref. 88956)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .