Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335); melanosomatus: The species name is from the Greek melano (black) and somat-(body), in reference to its black body color (Ref. 88934)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Pacific Ocean: from southeastern Taiwan: off Changbin, Taitung to Shihtiping, Hualien City (Ref. 88934).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88934); 50.4 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body greatly elongate, depth at gill opening 33.2 (27.1-44.8) in total length, anus behind midbody; body and fins unpatterned, uniformly black-brown; preanal length 1.71 in TL, head length 10.30 in TL. Maxillary and dentary teeth uniserial, few in number, long and needle-like. Mean vertebral formula 6-108-207 (Ref. 88934).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Loh, K.-H., K.-T. Shao and H.-M. Chen, 2011. Gymnothorax melanosomatus, a new moray eel (Teleostei: Anguilliformes: Muraenidae) from southeastern Taiwan. Zootaxa 3134:43-52. (Ref. 88934)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00048 (0.00026 - 0.00087), b=3.28 (3.13 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .