Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335); itoui: Named for Mr. Masahide Itou who collected almost all Kagoshima specimens of the new species and kindly made them available to the authors. Sakuya-himeji and Oriental Goatfish are herein proposed as the standard Japanese and English names, respectively, for the species (Ref. 88711).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 23 - 27 m (Ref. 88711). Tropical
Currently known only from southern Japan, including Okinawa-jima Island in the Ryukyu
Pacific Ocean: southern Japan, including Okinawajima Island in the Ryukyu Islands, and Kagoshima, Miyazaki, Kochi, and Ehime Prefectures. The last locality was based on underwater photographs reported as “Mullidae, indet. Gen. and sp. 1” by Takagi et al. (2010: 65) (Ref. 88711).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88711)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9. A species of Upeneus with the following combination of characters: dorsal-fin rays VII + 9, first dorsal-fin spine longest; pectoral-fin rays 13–15 (usually 14); gill rakers 6 or 7 (mode 6) + 16–18 (17) = 22–25 (23); pored lateral-line scales 28–30 (29); no teeth on ectopterygoids; maximum body depth 20.9–24.7% SL (mean 22.7%); maximum head depth 18.0–20.6% SL (19.2%); barbel width 6.0–7.8% HL (7.0%); barbels white; a distinct reddish brown stripe from tip of snout to caudal-fin base through eye in life and fresh specimens; first dorsal fin with 4 irregular white bands in life, 4–6 irregular reddish brown bands (retained as dark bands in preserved specimens) and 4–6 white bands in fresh specimens; upper caudal-fin lobe pale white with 5–7 reddish brown bands (retained as dark bands in preserved specimens) and 5–9 irregular pure white bands in life and fresh specimens; lower caudal-fin lobe reddish with 5–9 short red bands (retained as dark bands in preserved specimens) and 5–9 short white bands or spots along ventral margin in life and fresh specimens (Ref. 88711).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Yamashita, M., D. Golani and H. Motomura, 2011. A new species of Upeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae) from southern Japan. Zootaxa 3107:47-58. (Ref. 88711)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00445 - 0.01956), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .