Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Neobythitinae
Etymology: Penopus: Greek, penia, -as, penomai = poverty + Greek, pous = feet; japonicus: Named for the type locality, Japanese waters. More on authors: Nielsen & Ohashi.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 3924 m (Ref. 87601). Subtropical
Northwest Pacific: Ryukyus, Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87601)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 89;
Vertebrae: 75. This species is distinguished from the Atlantic species by having fewer rays in the dorsal 117 (vs. 135-158) and anal 89 (vs. 106-122) fins; head squamation restricted to the middle part of the preopercle (vs. head almost fully scaled - over the dorsum, preopercle and the opercle in part); a distinct spine behind the posterior nostril (vs. spine hardly visible); 9 spines on the hind margin of the preopercle (vs. 4-7 spines) (Ref. 87601).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G. and S. Ohashi, 2011. A new species of Penopus (Teleostei: Ophidiidae) from the Ryukyu Trench, the West Pacific, with remarks on Penopus microphthalmus. Ichthyol. Res. 58(3):232-237. (Ref. 87601)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .