Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335); emmae: Named for E.S. Karmovskaya, a renowned Russian expert in anguilliform fishes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 14 - 100 m (Ref. 85566). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Pacific: Vietnam.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 24 cm
Max length : 43.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85566)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: uniserial intemaxillary, vomerine, maxillary and, as a rule, mandibular teeth; 121-129 vertebrae (mean vertebral formula MVF 2-47-125); reticulate-spotted pattern of head; three-six longitudinal rows of dark spots in the brachial area; numerous tortuous transverse dark bands on the body and fins, mostly not connected with each other; a thin white fringe at the end of dorsal and anal and on caudal fins (Ref. 85566).
This species occurs only on soft grounds, silted or sandy, up to depths of 100 m (usually much less). Stomachs of examined specimens contained small fish and stomatopods. Eggs are large (1 mm in diameter) and pallid yellowish and spawners with mature gonads occurred in spring-summer. It has no commercial value and captured fish are used as forage for animals or discarded (Ref. 85566).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Prokofiev, A.M., 2010. Two new species of fishes from Families Muraenidae (Anguilliformes) and Mugiloididae (Perciformes) from the waters of Vietnam. J. Ichthyol. 50(8):580-589. (Ref. 85566)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00048 (0.00026 - 0.00088), b=3.27 (3.12 - 3.42), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .