Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Neobythitinae
Etymology: Spectrunculus: Latin, spectrum = apparition (Ref. 45335). More on author: Vaillant.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1772 - 3677 m (Ref. 80689). Deep-water
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Atlantic and eastern Pacific Oceans.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 57.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80689)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 91 - 102;
Vertebrae: 71 - 78. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal-fin rays 121-139; anal-fin rays 91-102; total vertebrae 71-78; otolith ostium depth 30-40% of sulcus length (Ref. 80689).
One specimen from the eastern Pacific was examined and radiographs showed the following stomach contents: detritus, gastropods, crustaceans, ophiurids, remains of polychaetes, foraminifera, sediment, and bivalves. From individuals with filled stomachs), detritus was found to be 88%, followed by gastropods (52%), crustaceans (44%), and ophiurids (36%). Observed ontogenetic trend in the consumption of gastropods with 18.2% in specimens less than 45 cm SL (n=11) and 78.6% in specimens greater than 45 cm SL (n=14, Fisher’s Exact Test, P<0.005); all gastropod shells were intact (Ref. 80689).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F., J.G. Nielsen and P.R. Møller, 2008. Systematics of the ophidiid genus Spectrunculus (Teleostei: Ophidiiformes) with resurrection of S. crassus. Copeia 2008(5)542-551. (Ref. 80689)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .