Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Haplochromis: Greek, Haploos = single + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); pancitrinus: The nam pancitrinus ('παγκίτρινος') is composed of the Greek words for complete, whole; 'πάν' and 'κίτρινος' which means yellow; it refers to the live colouration of males (Ref. 85523).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Lake Victoria (Ref. 85523).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85523)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 29 - 32. Diagnosis: Haplochromis pancitrinus is a small sized (less than 9 cm standard length), relatively slender (body depth 29.0-33.5% of standard length), micrognathic species, with mainly bicuspid teeth in the oral jaws (Ref. 85523). Although there are many species that resemble Haplochromis pancitrinus, no other species are known with the typical golden-yellow colouration of sexually active males, without any distinct markings (Ref. 85523).
Found in sub-littoral waters of the northern part of the Mwanza Gulf over mud bottoms; occasionally it was caught over mud bottoms, in shallower areas more southward in the Gulf (Ref. 85523). Before the ecological changes in Lake Victoria, this species fed on phytoplankton, mainly Cyanophyta; the diet further included Chaoborus larvae, copepods and occasionally detritus (Ref. 85523). Based on the egg dummies on the anal fin and the egg size in ripe females, this species is a female mouth brooder (Ref. 85523).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Based on the egg dummies on the anal fin and the egg size in ripe females, this species is a female mouth brooder (Ref. 85523).
de Zeeuw, M.P., M. Mietes, P. Niemantsverdriet, S. ter Huurne and F. Witte, 2010. Seven new species of detritivorous and phytoplanktivorous haplochromines from Lake Victoria. Zool. Meded. Leiden 84:201-250. (Ref. 85523)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .