Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Himantolophidae
Etymology: Himantolophus: Greek, himas or himantos = leather strap, thong or leash (referring to the thick leathery illicium) + Greek, lopho or lophio = crest or tuft (referring to the baited illicium projecting from the head) (Ref. 86949); litoceras: Named for the lack of lateral branching or filamaents on the distal escal appendages; Greek 'litos' meaning simple or plain and 'keros' for 'horn'.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 654 - m (Ref. 85522), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand; expected to occur in the Tasman Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. This species' metamorphosed females are distinct from other species of the H. cornifer group in having a pair of simple distal escal appendages, each without any trace of lateral appendages or filaments; further diagnosed by the following: illicium length 31.1% SL (28.2% preserved); escal bulb width 11.9% (10.5% preserved); no filaments in illicium and esca; tiny, close-set dermal spinules cover the illicium, esca and proximal one-half of distal escal appendage (this appendage is darkly pigmented, tip of intact filament silvery white in freshly thawed specimens) (Ref. 85522).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stewart, A.L. and T.W. Pietsch, 2010. A new species of deep-sea anglerfish, genus Himantolophus (Lophiiformes: Himantolophidae) from the Western South Pacific, with comments on the validity of H. pseudalbinares. Zootaxa 2671:53-60. (Ref. 85522)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .