Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Peristediidae
(Armored searobins or armored gurnards)
Etymology: Paraheminodus: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, hemi = the half + Gree, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); kamoharai: Named for Dr. Toshiji Kamohara.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 285 m (Ref. 76745). Tropical
Western Pacific: the Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76745); 10.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 19 - 20. This species is distinct with the following characters: 33 bony plates in upper lateral row; 24th-25th to 30th bony plate each in upper lateral row with a forwardly directed spine; gill rakers 5 + 1 + 17-19 = 23-25; with a long rostral projection (43.4-47.0% HL); short upper jaw short (41.1-42.3% HL) and lower jaw (36.5-37.2% HL) (Ref. 76745).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kawai, T., H. Imamura and K. Nakaya, 2004. A new species of armored sea robin, Paraheminodus kamoharai (Teleostei: Peristediidae), from the Philippines. Ichthyol. Res. 51:126-130. (Ref. 76745)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .