Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Tetrarogidae
Etymology: Liocranium: Greek, leio = smooth + Greek,kranion = skull (Ref. 45335). More on author: Weber.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 12 - 65 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 21°N - 11°S
Indo-West Pacific: Australia to the Philippines, including eastern New Guinea on the basis of collected specimens.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6. A species of waspfish with the following characters: gill rakers 14-17 (mode 15); posterior tip of depressed pelvic-fin spine often reaching the anus; relatively short length of upper-jaw, 16.7-18.9% of SL, mean 17.6%; depth of maxilla relatively low (5.1-7.2% of SL, mean 5.9%); longest anal-fin soft ray relatively long (23.8-30.9% of SL, mean 28.8%); relatively small, broad and horizontally oriented first blotch (mean width 12.5% of SL, mean height 10.0% of SL), lateral line running through upper one-third of blotch; extremely small, like a dot, second blotch, mean width 1.2% of SL, mean height 1.5% of SL, located at base of first dorsal-fin soft ray, not on fin membrane; no third blotch (Ref. 77064).
Often occurs on flat, relatively open bottoms in 12-65 m, usually observed on turbid inshore coral reefs (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Motomura, H., P. Last and J.W. Johnson, 2008. Review of the waspfish genus Liocranium (Scorpaeniformes: Tetrarogidae), with restoration of L. pleurostigma (Weber). Zootaxa 1820:27-40. (Ref. 77064)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.4 - 29, mean 28 (based on 114 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.00745 - 0.04655), b=3.01 (2.79 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .