Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Rajidae
Etymology: .oculus: Name refers to the eye-like marking on each pectoral fin. More on author: Last.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 200 - 389 m (Ref. 75648), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 25°S - 34°S, 111°E - 115°E (Ref. 114953)
Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.7 cm TL (female)
Found primarily near the shelf break and on the upper continental slope. Length of adolescent males varied from 32.8-48.4 cm TL, with the largest measured with fully extended claspers indicating that this is a small skate (Ref. 75648).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R., 2008. New short-snout members of the skate genus Dipturus (Rajoidei: Rajidae) from Australian seas. pp. 53-98. In Last, P.R., W.T. White, J.J. Pogonoski and D.C. Gledhill (eds.): Descriptions of new Australian skates (Batoidea: Rajoidei) pg. 53-98. CSIRO marine and atmospheric research paper no. 021. (Ref. 75648)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.9 - 16.6, mean 12.7 °C (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00145 - 0.00660), b=3.22 (3.04 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .