Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 23°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Fiji, north to southern Japan (Ref. 9710), south to Australia and New Caledonia (Ref. 9710); throughout Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); max. published weight: 15.0 kg (Ref. 9710)
Occurs along outer reef slopes. Adults usually solitary but may occur in pairs. Juveniles in shallow turbid coastal areas (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 26.1 - 28.9, mean 27.8 °C (based on 532 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.01047 - 0.02630), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 23.2 [13.3, 39.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.425 [0.252, 0.710] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [17.6, 21.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.119 [0.066, 0.190] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.8 [25.8, 76.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 56.3 [21.7, 132.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.884 [0.542, 1.293] mg/100g (wet weight);