Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335). More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 7°S
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Madagascar to Fiji and Micronesia; north to Ryukyu andn south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Found in clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles in brackish habitats or shallow turbid coastal areas (Ref. 9710). Adults usually solitary, occasionally in pairs; on deep reefs or with sea mounts (Ref. 48635). At Palau, aggregates to spawn about once a year around new moon of April or May (Ref. 37816).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.2, mean 28.4 °C (based on 634 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00683 - 0.02791), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 30 [15, 61] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.505 [0.269, 1.030] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.253 [0.114, 0.525] g/100g ; Selenium = 41.6 [18.5, 89.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 93.7 [28.2, 317.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.09 [0.62, 1.78] mg/100g (wet weight);