Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m. Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672); 7°N - 6°N
Asia: common in the south west quarter and mid-hill region of the Mahaweli basin, including the lower hills up to about 800 m. Found throughout Kelani and Kalu River basins, Sri Lanka.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6028); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6028)
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Inhabits usually slow-flowing, shallow, clear water streams, usually with a pebble or sand substrate. Territorial, usually solitary, juveniles form small schools of 3-5 individuals. Feeds on terrestrial insects and detritus.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male builds bubble nest under a leaf, a submerged overhanging rock or sometimes at the surface to hold the eggs. About 500 eggs are spawned. Eggs demersal, light pink, < 1 mm diameter. Male guards nest. Eggs hatch in 2-3 days after spawning. Both parents tend nest of larvae.
Pethiyagoda, R., 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. 362 p. (Ref. 6028)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.27 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).