Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 12468); 49°N - 43°N
Europe: Danube drainage in Romania; previously known from upper River Arges and its tributaries Vâlsan and Râul Doamnei. Today, restricted to 1 km of upper River Vâlsan upstream of Bradet village, but adjacent basins still insufficiently surveyed.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26173)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from other species of Percidae in Europe by the following combination of characters: first dorsal fin with 8-9 spines; 58-68 scales on lateral line; mouth inferior, horse-shoe shaped; lacking air-bladder; two dorsal fins clearly separated from each other; and anal fin with 7½ branched rays (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits fast-flowing, cold and clear mountain streams. Usually hidden under stones. Active at night (Ref. 59043). Feeds on larvae of rheophilic insects, mainly mayflies and stoneflies (Ref. 26173). Territorial. Spawns possibly in second half of May. Deposits 120-150 eggs under stones (Ref. 59043). On the edge of extinction due to deforestation, construction of roads, extraction of stones and dam constructions (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Deposits eggs on stones (Ref. 26173).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00229 - 0.00954), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .