Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
(Rivulines) > Cynolebiinae
Etymology: Leptolebias: Greek, leptos = thin + Greek,lebias, -ou = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Tropical; 22°S - 23°S
South America: Atlantic coastal river basins in Brazil. Listed as Vulnerable in IUCN 2004 and listed in Appendix II of CITES.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36579)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 21;
Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Possess an asymmetrical caudal fin, with convex dorsal outline and a straight ventral outline, anteriormost ventral procurrent ray; a white stripe with narrow ventral black border on the ventral edge of the caudal fin of male. Dorsal fin of male approximately triangular, tip pointed ending in 2 short filamentous rays with the tips reaching middle of caudal fin; dorsal fin rounded to slightly pointed in female. Anal fin of male approximately rectangular, posterior tip slightly elongated; rounded in female.
Bottom spawner. Is very difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139). Collected in clear water shallow pools (about 30 cm deep) in forest; no aquatic vegetation (Ref. 50094).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2003. Rivulidae (South American Annual Fishes). p. 526-548. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36579)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00188 - 0.01275), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .