Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335); fontanae: Named for the German poet Theodor Fontane (1819-1898) who published several books reflecting his love for the state Brandenburg. He dedicated his last book to the people and landscape around Lake Stechlin. More on authors: Schulz & Freyhof.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 3 m (Ref. 52872). Temperate
Europe: Lake Stechlin in northern Germany.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - 11 cm
Max length : 12.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52872)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from the sympatric Coregonus albula, the geographically close Coregonus lucinensis and the spring spawning Coregonus trybomi by: scales in lateral line 69-77 + 3; interorbital distance 25-30% of dorsal head length; head width between dorsal end of opercular openings 8.2-9.7% SL; body depth at dorsal fin origin 16.4-21.2% SL; length of last gill raker in upper branch of first gill arch 120-186% of opposite outer gill filament; 11-18% of dorsal head length; pelvic and pectoral fins hyaline; slow growth, mature females 8.7-12.6 cm SL (Ref. 52872).
Found in lakes, inhabiting deep water layers of 20-60 m. Undertakes migration above 20 m at night (Ref. 59043). Most abundant below 20 m depth (Ref. 52872). Syntopic with Coregonus albula in Lake Stechlin (Ref. 52872). Feeds mainly on Cladocera and Copepoda (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schulz, M. and J. Freyhof, 2003. Coregonus fontanae, a new spring-spawning cisco from Lake Stechlin, northern Germany (Salmoniformes: Coregonidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 14(3):209-216. (Ref. 52872)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00196 - 0.01068), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .