Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335); davidaromi: Named in honor of Dr. David Darom, who has published many photographs and books on natural history and on Red Sea fauna and flora (Ref. 44136).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 150 - 500 m (Ref. 44136), usually 250 - 300 m (Ref. 44136). Deep-water
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83903)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VIII,9; pectoral fins 15-16; gill rakers 7 + 19-20 = 26-27; lateral line scales 33-36; body depth at first dorsal-fin origin 24% SL and at anal-fin origin 20-21% SL; caudal-peduncle depth 9.2-9.4% SL; maximum head depth 24% SL; head depth through eye 21-22% SL; head length 32-33%SL; orbit length 9.1-9.8% SL; upper jaw length 14-15% SL; barbel length 20-21% SL; caudal-fin length 28-29% SL; anal-fin height 16-17% SL; pelvic-fin length 20% SL; pectoral-fin length 23-24% SL; first dorsal-fin height 20-21% SL; second dorsal-fin height 16-17% SL; 8-10 total bars on caudal fin, 5-6 dark bars on upper caudal-fin lobe (including 1 bar close to the rear end of lateral line) and color of bars changing from pale brown proximally to dark brown or black at the rear caudal-fin margin and tip in fresh fish; 3-4 of same color on lower lobe, slightly increasing in width distally, 1 often at tip and smaller, the distal-most 2-3 bars almost entirely dark brown or black (caudal bars retained on preserved fish); black first dorsal-fin tip (retained on preserved fish); white barbels; lateral body stripes absent; head and body silvery laterally with snout and dorsal part of head and body reddish, belly white (in preserved fish, coloration partly retained and body dorsally darkened) (Ref. 82903).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F. and P.C. Heemstra, 2010. A taxonomic review of the Western Indian Ocean goatfishes of the genus Upeneus (Family Mullidae), with descriptions of four new species. Smithiana 11:35-71. (Ref. 83903)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.7 - 21.9, mean 21.7 (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00445 - 0.01956), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.49 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .