Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Himantolophidae
Etymology: Himantolophus: Greek, himas or himantos = leather strap, thong or leash (referring to the thick leathery illicium) + Greek, lopho or lophio = crest or tuft (referring to the baited illicium projecting from the head) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range - 2100 m (Ref. 46206), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Eastern Central Atlantic: 1°04'N, 18°22'W (type locality).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Distinguishing characteristics of metamorphosed female: length of illicium 30-44% SL; each primary branch of distal escal appendage unbranched, single side branch emerging from posterior margin at varying distances from base; total length of escal appendage 18% SL in 3.2 cm specimens, 59-214% SL in 5.9-9.2 cm specimens; length of distal escal appendage 5% SL in 3.2 cm specimens, 15-34% SL in 5.9-9.2 cm specimens; side branches cylindrical or slightly tapering toward blunt tip; distal appendage covered with dermal spinules, except for tips (Ref. 86949).
Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2003. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003. (Ref. 46206)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2 - 2.5, mean 2.3 °C (based on 800 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .