Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Blenniinae
Etymology: Parenchelyurus: Greek, Greek, para in the side of + Greek, enchelys, -yos = eel + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Snyder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 4 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 30°N - 24°S
Indo-Pacific: Madagascar to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Adults occur in the intertidal zone, where they hide beneath rocks (Ref. 637 and 559). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.7 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2248 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00255 - 0.01239), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 242 [125, 548] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.09 [0.66, 1.89] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.3, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.128 [0.067, 0.243] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.9 [11.6, 52.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 111 [35, 350] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.52 [1.59, 3.99] mg/100g (wet weight);