Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Papuengraulis: Composed from Papua, an island i the Pacific ocean + Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 13 - ? m (Ref. 58018). Tropical; 6°S - 11°S, 139°E - 147°E (Ref. 189)
Western Central Pacific: Gulf of Papua (off Port Romily; in mouths of rivers flowing into the Gulf; Arafura Sea, but no indication if Australian or Irian Jaya coast).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
soft rays: 51 - 57. Belly with 5 or 6 pre-pectoral needle-like scutes, none behind, and a series of membrane-like post -pelvic scutes more or less concealed by the scales. Maxilla short, tip blunt; first supra-maxilla large, elongate, more than twice length of second. Pectoral fins wing-like; pelvic fins small; dorsal fin minute, the second unbranched fin ray elongated. A distinct dark blotch behind gill opening.
Presumed to be estuarine, but perhaps ascends rivers or migrates into coastal waters. The minute teeth and rather numerous gillrakers suggest a diet of small planktonic animals. The species is probably uncommon as there seems to be only four preserved specimens.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00200 - 0.00997), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .