Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Cottoidei
() > Liparidae
Etymology: Paraliparis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, liparis = fat (Ref. 45335); eastmani: Named for Joseph T. Eastman in honor of his valuable studies on the natural history, physiology, and origins of the Antarctic fish fauna. More on authors: Stein, Chernova & Andriashev.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 1070 m (Ref. 42734). Deep-water
Southwest Pacific: Tasman Sea, north of Sydney, Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42734)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 57;
Vertebrae: 69. Caudal-fin rays 8, with 2 procurrent rays; pectoral fin deeply notched, pectoral girdle with 2 round radials; mouth oblique; teeth stout, subconical; chin pores at surface, interspace equal to diameter; gill opening small, 0.8 eye diameter, with dorsal end level with eye center; HL 19% SL; preanal length 36% SL; skin thick, not transparent; color solid black, inner surface of subrostral fold and tooth plates black-dotted (Ref. 42734).
Found on the continental slope. Benthic (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., N.V. Chernova and A.P. Andriashev, 2001. Snailfishes (Pisces: Liparidae) of Australia, including descriptions of thirty new species. Rec. Aust. Mus. 53:341-406. (Ref. 42734)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .