Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 1205 m (Ref. 51661). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: off South Australia in the Great Australian Bight.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 50;
Vertebrae: 62. Pectoral girdle with 4 radials, the lowest half-moon shaped, forming part of posterior margin of basal cartilaginous lamina; teeth not large, simple; chin pores touching each other, anterior skin fold present; subrostral fold absent; gill opening reaching ventrally in front of 4th pectoral ray; ventral end of gill opening and uppermost pectoral ray on horizontal with upper margin of pupil; pectoral with 2 notch rays rudimentary; head less than 20% SL, eye large, 27% HL, snout short, deeply rounded; body deep, about 1.3 HL, slight costal ridge present; head black, peritoneum black (Ref. 42734).
Found on the continental slope. Benthic (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., N.V. Chernova and A.P. Andriashev, 2001. Snailfishes (Pisces: Liparidae) of Australia, including descriptions of thirty new species. Rec. Aust. Mus. 53:341-406. (Ref. 42734)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .