Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
(Icefishes) > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Nototheniinae
Etymology: Patagonotothen: Composed from Patagonia, the Argentinian province + Greek,noton = back + Greek, adverbial particle, then, that denotes distance or removal (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Temperate
Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37311)
soft rays: 27 - 31. Opercles scaled only on the upper part of the operculum and the upper surface of the head naked; upper lateral line with 33-42 tubular scales; 2-23 scales in the middle lateral line; caudal peduncle much deeper than long; dorsal surface of head without prominent ridges; pectorals as long as or a little longer than pelvic fins; dark brown with some spots and stripes (Ref. 37311).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lloris, D. and J. Rucabado, 1991. Ictiofauna del Canal Beagle (Tierra de Fuego), aspectos ecológicos y análisis biogeográfico. Publ. Espec. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. 8, Madrid, Spain. 182 p. (Ref. 27092)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.7 - 9.9, mean 6.1 °C (based on 116 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00287 - 0.01207), b=3.23 (3.05 - 3.41), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming fec < 10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 82.8 [40.7, 157.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.512 [0.307, 0.890] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.3, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.768 [0.428, 1.425] g/100g ; Selenium = 13.6 [6.4, 28.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 31.1 [10.6, 99.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.756 [0.524, 1.113] mg/100g (wet weight);