Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Triakidae
(Houndsharks) > Galeorhininae
Etymology: Hypogaleus: hypo (Gr.), less than, under or beneath, allusion not explained, perhaps alluding to its original position as a subgenus of Galeus. (See ETYFish); hyugaensis: -ensis, Latin suffix denoting place: Hyuga Nada, Japan, type locality. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 40 - 230 m (Ref. 244). Deep-water; 37°N - 40°S
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and the Persian Gulf to Taiwan and Japan. Reported from Australia (Ref. 6871).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 95 - ? cm
Max length : 127 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 122.0 cm TL (female)
Inhabits continental shelves (Ref. 244). Feeds on bony fishes and cephalopods (Ref. 6871). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 244).
Viviparous (with a yolk-sac placenta), with 10 or 11 young in a litter (Ref. 244). Size of full-term fetuses about 33 to 35 cm (Ref. 244). Gestation period is estimated at 15 months (Ref. 244). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 19.9 - 27.7, mean 23.8 °C (based on 194 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00187 - 0.01020), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=10; gestation about 15 months).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (76 of 100).