Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949). More on authors: Beebe & Crane.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range - 915 m (Ref. 46206), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 3. Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: club shaped esca, pigmented swelling anteriorly on base; tapering distal escal appendage, as long as diameter of bulb, with blunt tip and 3 small filaments on each side of base; short posterior escal appendage with broad rounded base and low, compressed, anteriorly emarginated distal ridge; barbel divided at base to form 5 primary branches, presence of frontal spine; caudal peduncle lacking subdermal pigment (Ref. 86949).
Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2003. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003. (Ref. 46206)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.75 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .