Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 300 - 1000 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water
Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of Panama. Western Central Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42949); 9.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 3. Females: esca without distal prolongation of bulb; a single distal branched filament, length less than half diameter of bulb; three branched filaments along each side of bulb, longest 1-3 times diameter of bulb; no posterior appendage. Barbel 24-80% SL in total length; distal half to two third divided into three main-branches, proximal, posterior main-branch simple, anterior main-branch distally divided into 4 filaments, median main branch bifurcated; each secondary branch with one or more filaments; all filaments unpigmented, some branched, each with a series of sessile photophores. Dense concentration of subdermal pigment on caudal peduncle (Ref. 42949). Males: with pointed sphenotic spines (Ref. 86949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1982. Notes on Linophrynidae VIII. A review of the genus Linophryne, with new records and descriptions of two new species. Steenstrupia 8(3):49-104. (Ref. 42949)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.5 - 4.6, mean 4.1 °C (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .