Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949). More on authors: Regan & Trewavas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 1750 m (Ref. 46206). Deep-water
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Indian Ocean: known only from its type locality, 5°18'N, 90°55'E.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42949); 6.1 cm SL (female)
soft rays: 3. Females: bulb of esca with large, oblong, internally silvery, distal prolongation (as long as diameter of bulb) with a terminal cluster of about 7 branched filaments inside a circle of 7 shorter filaments; one each side of bulb at base of distal prolongation a small, distally-fringed lobe; posterior appendage of esca compressed with fringed edge. Barbel with undivided and slightly tapering branches, length of each about 12% SL; at base of a similar, but somewhat distinct, shorter, distal prolongation of the stem, each of these three filamentous endings bearing a few internal photophores. Pointed frontal spines present. Males: pointed sphenotic spines, and a distinct, but weak concentration of subdermal pigment on caudal peduncle (Ref. 42949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1982. Notes on Linophrynidae VIII. A review of the genus Linophryne, with new records and descriptions of two new species. Steenstrupia 8(3):49-104. (Ref. 42949)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .