Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Plesiopidae
(Roundheads) > Acanthoclininae
Etymology: Acanthoplesiops: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, plesios = near + Greek, ops = similar (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 20 m (Ref. 90102). Subtropical
Western Pacific: known only from southern Japan, Taiwan, and Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40821)
(total): 19 - 20;
soft rays: 4 - 5. Acanthoplesiops species with the following autapomorphic character states: 1) anterior two thirds of belly naked and 2) first two (instead of only the 1st) pterygiophores of dorsal-fin spines inserted between 2nd and 3rd neural spines.
Cryptic and rarely seen (Ref. 90102). Eggs are guarded by the male parent (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs are guarded by the male parent (Ref. 205).
Smith-Vaniz, W.F. and G.D. Johnson, 1990. Two new species of Acanthoclininae (Pisces: Plesiopsidae) with a synopsis and phylogeny of the subfamily. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 142:211-260. (Ref. 40821)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.6 - 29.1, mean 28.5 °C (based on 499 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00177 - 0.01179), b=3.11 (2.89 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .