Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949); bipennata: Named in reference to its paired feather-like escal filaments (Ref. 42949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 42949). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: known from its type locality, Java Trench, 11°56'07"S, 115°22'02"E (Ref. 42949). Western Central Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 3. Females: esca with a low, distal prolongation of bulb, length about half diameter of bulb, distally subdivided into two blunt tips (posterior tip the larger); on each side of base of distal prolongation a single, compressed filament, length about three times diameter of bulb, with 2-4 short, pointed, side-branches; a low papilliform posterior appendage behind escal pore. Barbel about 25% SL in total length, distally divided at about half length into three main-branches, and, at about half distance between this division and base, with a posterior pair of shorter side-branches; all branches repeatedly divided, each terminal branch with a series of internal photophores and one or more distal filaments. Dense concentration of subdermal pigment on caudal peduncle (Ref. 42949).
Males unknown (Ref. 42949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1982. Notes on Linophrynidae VIII. A review of the genus Linophryne, with new records and descriptions of two new species. Steenstrupia 8(3):49-104. (Ref. 42949)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.6 - 11.7, mean 8.2 °C (based on 205 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .