Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Diceratiidae
(Double anglers (Ref. 07463) or Doublespine Seadevils (Ref. 86949))
Etymology: Bufoceratias: Latin, bufo or bufonis = toad + Greek, keras or keratos = horn, horned (referring to the hornlike lure projecting from the head) (Ref. 86949); thele: thele Greek for nipple, referring to the nipple-shaped terminal papilla of the esca (Ref. 39890).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1500 m (Ref. 51070). Deep-water
Western Pacific: Ceram, Halmahera and South and East China seas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Metamorphosed females of Bufoceratias thele differ from those of Bufoceratias shaoi in having a much smaller esca and a longer illicium (112-143% standard length versus 26-40% standard length), and from those of Bufoceratias wedli in lacking escal appendages (Ref. 51070).
Males and larvae unknown (Ref. 51070). Specimens caught in bottom trawls (Ref. 86949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pietsch, T.W., H.-C. Ho and H.-M. Chen, 2004. Revision of the deep-sea anglerfish genus Bufoceratias Whitley (Lophiiformes: Ceratioidei: Diceratiidae), with description of a new species from the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Copeia 2004(1):98-107. (Ref. 51070)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.1 - 17.4, mean 10.3 °C (based on 312 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6406 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .