Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Scolopsis: Greek, skolex = worm + Greek, opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 48635). Tropical; 13°N - 12°S, 67°E - 120°E (Ref. 3810)
Indian Ocean: Maldives, Sri Lanka and southern Indonesia. This species has been reported by most authors under the name Scolopsis personatus, but Scolopsis auratus is the older name.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102); common length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Lower limb of preopercle scaly. Antrorse (forward-directed) suborbital spine absent. Pelvic fins long, reaching to or just beyond level of anus. Axillary scale present. Color: Body silvery-white and dusky blue on back. Snout dusky. A narrow pale bluish stripe joining eyes behind nostrils.
Occurs close to reefs (Ref. 9785). Adults at moderate depths in small, loose groups. Juveniles solitary and in sheltered bays along reef edges with rubble or coarse sand (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.3 - 29.3, mean 28.9 °C (based on 827 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00792 - 0.03811), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 70.7 [41.8, 140.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.717 [0.399, 1.234] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [17.2, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.154 [0.090, 0.263] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.2 [20.1, 62.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 59.3 [15.7, 164.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.31 [0.82, 1.96] mg/100g (wet weight);