Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Himantolophidae
Etymology: Himantolophus: Greek, himas or himantos = leather strap, thong or leash (referring to the thick leathery illicium) + Greek, lopho or lophio = crest or tuft (referring to the baited illicium projecting from the head) (Ref. 86949); sagamius: Named for its type locality, Gulf of Sagami. More on author: Tanaka.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 613 - 1200 m (Ref. 82206), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Pacific: Kuril-Kamchatka trough, coast of the Hokkaido and Honshu islands (Gulf of Sagami), and from California to Peru..
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82206)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Distinguishing characteristics of adult female: length of anterior escal appendage 11-38% SL; distal escal appendage 6.2-11% SL; blunt distal lobes of esca; posterior escal appendage 12-41% SL, simple or with bifid tip; posterolateral appendages 2-4 pairs, situated on and below base of escal bulb, length of distal and longest pair 30-45% SL (Ref. 86949).
Meso- and bathypelagic (Ref. 58302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pietsch, T.W., 1999. Himantolophidae. Footballfishes (deep-sea anglerfishes). p. 2029. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 12944)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.3 - 7.8, mean 5.7 °C (based on 325 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .