Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Scolopsis: Greek, skolex = worm + Greek, opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 25 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 33°N - 16°S, 90°E - 170°E (Ref. 3810)
Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea, Ryukyu Islands, Philippines, Indonesia, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 24. Body is olive above and white below, with a silvery-white stripe on the back beneath the dorsal fin. A row of golden yellow spots are on the sides, mid laterally from behind the tip of the pectoral fin to the caudal peduncle. The upper and lower edges of the caudal fins are reddish (Ref. 3810).
Inhabits sandy bottoms close to coral reefs. Also near mangroves (Ref. 48635). Frequently in silty areas with low visibility (Ref. 90102). Occurs often in small groups. Feeds on benthic invertebrates and small fishes.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 1970 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.01114 - 0.03260), b=3.06 (2.92 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.52 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 94.6 [45.3, 191.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.901 [0.482, 1.805] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.32 [0.14, 0.71] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.1 [12.4, 73.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 85 [18, 325] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.68 [1.02, 2.83] mg/100g (wet weight);