Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 122 - 1450 m (Ref. 117245). Deep-water; 80°N - 50°N, 61°W - 18°E
North Atlantic: Nunavut, Davis Strait to the Greenland and Norwegian seas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); 22.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 93 - 107. Mediolateral row of neuromasts present from above anus to caudal fin base. First dorsal fin pterygiophore associated with vertebra 4-5 (rarely 6). Eye large and circular; pupil diameter 2.1-3.6% SL. Nostril tubes short 0.4-1 % SL. Body color uniformly brownish, without crossbars. Predorsal area without scales. Head pores relatively large and not tube-shaped (Ref. 41107).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Møller, P.R., 2001. Redescription of the Lycodes pallidus species complex (Pisces, Zoarcidae), with a new species from the Arctic/North Atlantic Ocean. Copeia 2001(4):972-996. (Ref. 41107)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): -0.4 - 4.6, mean 1.5 °C (based on 300 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00123 (0.00059 - 0.00257), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100).