Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Parascolopsis: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, skolos = stake + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 100 - 410 m (Ref. 30573). Tropical; 29°N - 7°N, 31°E - 78°E (Ref. 3810)
Western Indian Ocean: including the Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, Red Sea and Arabian Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Head scales reaching forward to level of posterior nostrils. Posterior margin of preopercle sloping backward slightly. Lower limb of preopercle scaly. Suborbital scaly. Posterior margin of suborbital fine serrate, no spine at upper corner. Pectoral fins long, reaching to above origin of anal fin. Pelvic fins long, reaching to or almost to level of anus. Color: Reddish throughout with a silvery lateral stripe.
Benthic on sand or mud bottoms in offshore waters (Ref. 30573). Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.2 - 22.4, mean 19.8 °C (based on 35 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00722 - 0.03321), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 257 [142, 468] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.12 [0.59, 1.97] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.6, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.285 [0.157, 0.509] g/100g ; Selenium = 63.7 [31.9, 116.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17 [5, 44] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.28 [0.80, 1.98] mg/100g (wet weight);