Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 22 - 450 m (Ref. 100719). Tropical; 31°N - 30°S, 31°E - 83°E (Ref. 3810)
Western Indian Ocean: including the east and west coast of India, Pakistan, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, east African coast, Seychelles and Madagascar. A Lessepsian migrant (Ref. 84163). This species has been previously misidentified as Nemipterus mesoprion.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114873); common length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 96857)
soft rays: 7. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral and pelvic fins very long, reaching to or just beyond level of origin of anal fin. A line drawn up from posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile at about 3 to 7 scale rows before origin of dorsal fin. Upper lobe of caudal fin produced into a long trailing light red filament. Axillary scale present. Color: Body silvery pink. Peritoneum salmon-pink.
Benthic on sand or mud bottoms (Ref. 30573). No major fishery exists, but a large population is believed to occur in the Persian Gulf.
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.0635 - 24.7625, mean 21.42 °C (based on 148 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.01156 - 0.01727), b=2.94 (2.90 - 2.98), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.83; tmax=3; tm=3.2 Fec=26,091).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 388 [120, 1,097] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.15 [0.44, 3.58] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.7, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.286 [0.141, 0.604] g/100g ; Selenium = 50 [14, 144] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.72 [1.22, 29.10] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.894 [0.465, 2.793] mg/100g (wet weight);