Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 50 - 70 m (Ref. 9785). Tropical; 15°N - 9°S, 94°E - 118°E (Ref. 3810)
Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea, Strait of Malacca, Philippines, Gulf of Thailand, South China Sea and Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810); common length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral and pelvic fins long, reaching to between level of anus and origin of anal fin. A line drawn up from posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile at about 2 to 7 scale rows before origin of dorsal fin. Upper lobe of caudal fin pointed, with sulphur-yellow tip. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper body rosy, silvery-white below. Two yellow stripes beneath eye. Cheeks and opercle with golden and mauve reflections.
Inhabits sandy or muddy bottoms.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.6 - 28.6, mean 27.6 °C (based on 71 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00651 - 0.02433), b=2.92 (2.76 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.69 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.6-0.7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 383 [120, 1,083] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.40, 3.32] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.7, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.301 [0.147, 0.631] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.5 [12.8, 132.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.82 [1.72, 43.43] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.882 [0.455, 2.745] mg/100g (wet weight);